Free Essay: Marijuana Should Be Legalized for Medicinal Purposes How would most Americans react if the law allowed the use of heroin, LSD.
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- (DOC) Cause and Effect Essay Legalization of Marijuana | Jose Mayoral - lloteldis.tk
- What is Marijuana?
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Its effects range from provoking mystical experiences to the increment of creativity. It comes second from alcohol in the list of recreational drugs. Around the globe, it has been used for many purposes. For example in the primitive tribes of South America India and Africa it is used for religious and ceremonies and also for some medical purposes.
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For instance the African mine workers used it in easing the drudgery of their work while the Jamaicans used it in the evenings to ease or relieved their fatigue. The ancient Persians, Greeks, East Indians, Assyrians and Romans used marijuana as the drug for controlling reducing muscles spasms, treating indigestion and the reduction of pain Roth Rebecca 1.
There are two sides on the issue of legalization of marijuana and each side has a multitude of reasons as to why medical marijuana should be legalized.
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- The Legalization Of Medical Marijuana.
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- Essays on Cannabis Legalization | Academic Commons!
- Medical Marijuana and the Legalization Debate?
This leaves one unsure of which side is credible. There are some reasons as to why the some people in the society are refuting the legalization of medical marijuana. One of the reasons is that medical marijuana is perceived to be addictive in many countries.
(DOC) Cause and Effect Essay Legalization of Marijuana | Jose Mayoral - lloteldis.tk
For example in the united states of America the Controlled Substances Act of classified marijuana as a schedule 1 drug on basis that it contained high potential for abuse. This was propelled by the perception that people who consume it usually get hooked up therefore becoming potheads and the drug eventually dominates their lives.
They also believe that the frequent overuse of the drug can lead to lethargic behaviors or even serious health problems. Addiction is brought by the fact that there is a possibility that someone treated for chronic periods of time for a constant pain will eventually become more dependent on the drug.
He will also require high amounts than before. This addiction may lead to death due to respiratory failure. Another reason as to why some people are against the legalization of the medical marijuana is because they hold the idea that it has no accepted medical use. For example marijuana may yield considerable medical benefits for many patients with ailments such as cancer and glaucoma but these benefits have not been universally accepted both nationally and internationally.
Another reason as to why many people are opposing this initiative is that it is historically linked to narcotics such as cocaine and heroine. For example in America the early anti-drug laws were stipulated so that they may regulate narcotics which included opium and its derivatives such morphine and heroine.
These anti-drug laws also regulated marijuana although it is not a narcotic. The other reason is that some people believe that marijuana as a drug is associated with unfashionable styles. This is because often many people have taken marijuana to be the drug for losers and hippies. Some people who are opposing the legalization of medical marijuana feel that there is no enough evidence to show that the drugs cure disease.
In some countries Holland and Amsterdam where medical marijuana is considered to be illegal, it is assumed that marijuana can not be used for medical purposes because of some harmful effect brought about by its use. For example it is assumed that it affects the skills required for one to drive safely because it lowers alertness or the ability to concentrate, ability to react quickly and personal coordination.
It also affects the driving skills by making it difficult for one to react to signals, sounds on the road and judge distances.
Other harmful consequence of marinol drug which is made from marijuana include premature cancer, mental disorders such as depression, increased aggressiveness and hostility, memory loss, general apathy impairment of the immune system and the reproductive disabilities. For example scientific studies indicate that marijuana weakens the immune system of people suffering from AIDS for it is estimated that marijuana smokers who are HIV positive progress to the full blown aids twice as fast as the non-smokers.
Opposers of legalization of the medical marijuana also believe that legalizing of the drug will lead to increased access to marijuana for the young population who are most likely to be damaged by the drug use. They also argue that there are many other drugs which can be used in the treatment of the same diseases. Therefore, the use of marijuana for medical purposes is uncalled for. The opposers continue to assert that it is harmful because it is an unstable mixture made up of more those chemicals which usually convert to thousands especially when it is being smoked Marijuana.
A raging debate has ensued about the legalization of the marijuana medicine. The proponents of the legalization of marijuana believe that marijuana should be moved to a schedule II drug so that it can be useful to a point that it can be prescribed by a doctor. They also believe that death from an overdose is impossible. A study carried out by the UCLA school of medicine which featured marijuana smokers over 8 years of smoking has shown that neither the intermitted nor the continuing marijuana smokers showed any declining rates in the lung function compared to the people who have never smoked marijuana Barry 1.
Many proponents also believe that many people are arrested and charged when they take marijuana for treatment since many people would rather face the law that die of certain diseases which can be remedied by marijuana. They also assert that scientific and medical tests dating back to thousand of years point to the medical properties of cannabis. Proponents of medical marijuana believe they have the right to use a drug of choice that adequately addresses their medical needs.
Marijuana is believed to have a palliative effect. Opponents cite the illegal status of the drug and consider it a gateway drug. As such, it is believed that legal medical use will increase illegal recreational use. Additionally, proponents cite the high costs of controlling marijuana.
When considering harmful substances, legal tobacco and legal alcohol are considered to have much more adverse health and social affects. Legalization could funnel money now currently used fighting illicit use into education and treatment of drug abuse. It is also thought profits from illegal sale would disappear Block, Opponents consider marijuana a gateway drug and that accepted medical use will increase recreational use Cohen, Mental illness, psychosis and depression have been linked to use of marijuana along with risk of schizophrenia.
It is not know if marijuana causes these conditions or if it exacerbates the condition in people with predisposition to the illnesses. Educational campaigns used to curtail tobacco smoking point to its health hazards, but no such campaign is in place to show smoking marijuana has similar health hazards. Smoking marijuana can be more hazardous than tobacco due to the fashion in which it is inhaled.
Individuals smoking marijuana habitually and long term have the same potential risk involved in smoking tobacco including damage to the heart and lungs. It is understood that there are political barriers preventing scientific study of marijuana.
What is Marijuana?
However, it is worth considering that marijuana has an illegal status for more than just political reasons. There are medical reports showing a link between marijuana use and depression and psychosis. Kantian ethics see this as part of the reasoning process to determine medical marijuana is not morally legitimate. Feelings about its legitimacy are not part of the thought process. Utilitarianism emphasizes pleasure but is also interested in minimal suffering. A policy of moderation is probably best in addressing the issue. Lung disease and cardiovascular disease are issues present with smoked marijuana.
In issues of AIDS wasting and cancer treatment, it is possible marijuana is simply another drug being prescribed for the dying. But without the reasoning prompted by scientific data, the drug is illegal and can lead to legitimate health problems.
There are laws in some states allowing the use of medical marijuana. Anecdotal evidence suggests it is beneficial for patients living with cancer and chemotherapy treatments, HIV and AIDS wasting, and other conditions in which there is pain and other legal treatments have not been helpful or have created undesirable side effects.
The legal issue in medical marijuana is determining which set of laws has jurisdiction to regulate it as a controlled substance: federal or state. Social contract theory would also require the same. Ambiguity is added to the legal status in the current view of enforcing the CSA. Add to this the imperative a physician has to care for patients and provide any and all possible therapies and a moral decision must be made regarding medical care and the law. Since there is lack of scientific research, physicians are further burdened in rationalizing use of marijuana in weighing physical and psychological side effects of an illegal substance against possible palliative benefits.
Legal concerns are made worse when there is difficulty determining if cultivation and dispensing of marijuana is for legal medical purposes or if it is being funneled into the illegal drug market. An additional legal issue resides within state laws. States that allow medical marijuana allow individual jurisdictions the choice on how to regulate the drug. While business licenses and permits may be granted based on city or county regulations, there is no regulation for the source of the marijuana.
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From a utilitarian perspective, the moral legitimacy of medical marijuana would be decided based on the maximization of pleasure and minimization of pain. Act-utilitarianism would look at this argument from an individual perspective. Rule-utilitarianism would look at this argument from a societal perspective.
However, as an illegal substance, there is greater concern for drug trafficking and cartels involved in the illicit distribution of marijuana. Since there is no regulatory practice for cultivation and distribution—regulating the source—there is no method of prevention of medical marijuana being funneled into the street sale of drugs.
This undermines palliative medical use. Prescription drugs are regulated to prevent legal recreational sale. My opinion is that legalization of medical marijuana is not morally sound. Currently there is greater evidence to support it remaining an illegal substance. Legalization will require a paradigm shift in thinking about the classification of illegal and legal drugs and will require a similar shift in thinking about what is acceptable recreational drug use, as is mentioned in moral realism.
But until there is scientific evidence as well as evidence that fair and realistic controls could be put in place delineating legal medical use of marijuana, it will be hard to change the mind of either side of the argument.
It is entirely reasonable that marijuana could be regulated for medical use, but illicit use must also be addressed. Medical legalization will not necessarily stop the illegal trade. It is also fair to legitimize medical use through scientific study to validate patients who receive medical benefit from marijuana and the physicians who suggest its use, so that they can be viewed as something other than drug users and drug dealers.